recent times, we have seen major growth in the export and import of goods and
services in India, while watching this enhancement more and more people start
having their own import-export business. Not everyone is aware of what all
documents are required for trade in India.
Documents for import/export trade differs from country to country, everyone has their own rules and regulations for import clearance.
As various types of items are imported from different countries, a complete number of records for import/export cannot be determined. Products imported are defined by a code number acknowledge internationally which is called ITC number.
There may have respective import trade understandings between administrations of various nations. Let’s sneak peek into the documents that are mandatory for import/export trade.
Bill of Entry
Bill Entry is a legal report which is recorded by CHA (Customer house agent). It is a major document for import customs clearance and must be filed within 30 days of the arrival of goods at customs location. Bill of entry once filed with all necessary document carried out by concerned custom officials, a pass out order is issued under it once all the formalities of import customs are completed. Bill of Entry is one of the pointers of ‘supreme outward settlement of country’ oversaw by the Reserve Bank and Customs office.
Invoice plays a vital role in any business dealing. It is one of the important documents required for import customs clearance for value appraisal by a concerned customs official. Assessable value is calculated on the basis of terms of delivery of goods mentioned in commercial invoice produced by the importer at customs location. Invoice is important in value evaluation in import customs clearance; it is checked by a concerned evaluating officer that the value mentioned in commercial invoice matches with actual market value. It prevents from bogus activities of shipper or exporter by over-invoicing or under-invoicing.
Bill of lading/ Airway bill
Bill of lading or Airway bill or AWB is a document that joins merchandise dispatched by a global courier, which take into consideration following. It fills in as a receipt of products by an aircraft, just as an agreement of carriage between the shipper and the transporter. Bill of lading or Airway bill issued by carrier provides the details of cargo with terms of delivery.
Import license might be obligatory for bringing in explicit products according to rules given by the government. Import of such explicit items may have been managed by the government from time to time. So they demand an import license as one of the documents required for import customs clearance to bring those materials from remote nations.
It is a required document for customs clearance system, notwithstanding, it is a supporting document against the shipper’s introduction on terms of the transport. Insurance certificate under import dispatch urges customs authorities to affirm, on account of selling cost involves security or not. This is required to find an assessable sum which chooses import obligation total.
Letter of Credit/ Purchase Order
The purchase order is one of the documents required for import customs clearance. A purchase order reflects almost all terms and conditions of sale contract which engages the customs official to confirm on value assessment. In the event that that import assignment is under the letter of credit premise, the shipper can show a copy of Letter of Credit close by the reports for import endorsement.
Technical write up, literature etc. for specific goods if any
For some specific goods, Technical write up, the literature of imported goods and any other similar documents might be a requirement for import clearance. For instance, if an apparatus is imported, a technical write-up or writing clarifying its function can be appended alongside bringing in reports. This document causes customs authority to derive a careful market estimation of such imported apparatus thus helps for value appraisal.
RCMC or Registration cum Membership Certificate if any
The generation of RCMC with custom specialists is one of the requirements for import clearance, its profits import obligation exemption from the government under express merchandise. Undoubtedly, in such cases, the vendor needs to give Registration Cum Membership Certificate close by import customs endorsement files.
According to the Government guidelines of India, each merchant needs to record GATT and DGFT statement with other import customs clearance reports with customs. GATT presentation must be recorded by Importer according to the conditions of the General Agreement on Tariff and Trade.
Industrial License if any
An Industrial license copy must be a requirement for specific goods importing. If Importer claims any import benefit as per guidelines of the government, such Industrial License can be produced to avail the benefit. In such case, Industrial license copy can be submitted with customs authorities as one of the import clearance documents.
The mentioned documents are required for import clearance formalities; also there can be other documents required depend on your business entity. Also, additional documents can be attached as per government guidelines in India.